Hank Morgan as a Freemason

In this novel, Freemasonry references are most closely linked to Masonic religious ideals. Throughout the novel, Hank Morgan (or "The Boss") criticizes the established Church and supports the idea that freedom of religion is imperative to a free society. In Chapter 10, Hank reasons, "spiritual wants and instincts are as various in the human family as are physical appetites, complexions, and features."[1] This passage reflects Masonic attitudes toward religion and effectively casts The Boss as a potential Freemason, as lodge members are required to believe in a supreme being, but are not required to expound upon their personal understanding of the supreme being, leaving the order open to members of any religion.

The Catholic Church is an opponent of Freemasonry throughout history. Masonic traditions are deemed dangerous by the Church, a presumption evidenced by Pope John Paul II's 1983 declaration: "Catholics enrolled in Masonic associations are involved in serious sin and may not approach Holy Communion." [2] Hank continually condemns the actions of the Church, calling into question any law set forth by the "awful power" [3] The Catholic Church is a recurring obstacle for Hank, eventually introducing the events that cause Hank's demise and the collapse of King Arthur's court in the novel.

Daniel Carter Beard, a Freemason from Cincinnati, Ohio, illustrated the first edition of the novel in 1889. Beard founded the Sons of Daniel Boone in 1905, an organization which later merged with the Boy Scouts of America, and his work in both Freemasonry and BSA is highly regarded.[4]
Original illustration by Dan Beard

  1. ^ Twain, Mark. A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. (20099) Seven Treasures Publications.
  2. ^ Handwerk, Brian. "The Lost Symbol and Freemasons - 8 Secrets Decoded." (2009) National Geographic.
  3. ^ Twain, Mark. A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court. (2009). pp. 29. Seven Treasures Publications.
  4. ^ http://www.masonicmatrix.com/daniel-carter-beard/